List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and district level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like a reserved party symbol, free broadcast time on state run television and radio, a consultation in setting of election dates and giving input in setting electoral rules and regulations.

This listing is according to the 2014 Indian general election and Legislative Assembly elections and any party aspiring to state or national party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status. As per latest publication from Election Commission of India, the total number of parties registered was 1841, with 8 national parties, 52 state parties and 1785 unrecognised parties

NameAbbreviationFoundation
year
Founder(s)Party Supremo [D]Party symbolHeadquarters
All India Trinamool CongressAITC1998Mamata BanerjeeMamata Banerjee36-G, Topsia Road, Panchannagram, Kolkata-700039 (West Bengal)
Bahujan Samaj PartyBSP1984Kanshi RamMayawati12, Gurdwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP1980Syama Prasad Mookerjee (Bharatiya Jana Sangh)Atal Bihari VajpayeeL. K. AdvaniAmit Shah (National President)
J P Nadda (Working President)
6-A, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, Mandi HouseNew Delhi-110002 (Delhi)
Communist Party of IndiaCPI1925Abani MukherjiCharu MajumdarEvelyn TrentM. N. RoyM. P. T. AcharyaMohammed AliMohammed Shafiq SiddiquiRafiq AhmedRosa FitinghoffSultan AhmedD. RajaIndrajit Gupta Marg, New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)1964E. M. S. NamboodiripadJyoti BasuSitaram Yechury27-29, A. K. Gopalan Bhavan, Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Indian National CongressINC1885Allan Octavian HumeDadabhai NaorojiDinshaw WachaWomesh Chunder BonnerjeeSonia Gandhi (Interim President)24, Akbar RoadNew Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
National People’s PartyNPP2013P. A. SangmaConrad SangmaM.G. Avenue, Floor, MDU Building, Imphal-795001 (Manipur)
Nationalist Congress PartyNCP1999P. A. SangmaSharad PawarTariq AnwarSharad Pawar10, Bishambhar Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
NameAbbreviationFoundation
year
Current leader(s)Recognised in State/Union TerritorySymbol
Aam Aadmi PartyAAP2012Arvind KejriwalDelhiPunjab
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1972Edappadi K. Palaniswami and O. PaneerselvamTamil NaduPuducherry
All India Forward BlocAIFB1939Debabrata BiswasWest Bengal
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul MuslimeenAIMIM1927Asaduddin OwaisiTelangana
All India N.R. CongressAINRC2011N. RangaswamyPuducherry
All India United Democratic FrontAIUDF2004Badruddin AjmalAssam
All Jharkhand Students UnionAJSU1986Sudesh MahtoJharkhand
Asom Gana ParishadAGP1985Atul BoraAssam
Biju Janata DalBJD1997Naveen PatnaikOdisha
Bodoland People’s FrontBPF1985Hagrama MohilaryAssam
Desiya Murpokku Dravida KazhagamDMDK2005VijayakanthTamil Nadu
Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK1949M. K. StalinTamil NaduPuducherry
Goa Forward PartyGFP2016Vijai SardesaiGoa
Hill State People’s Democratic PartyHSPDP1968Hopingstone LyngdohMeghalaya
Indian National Lok DalINLD1999Om Prakash ChautalaHaryana
Indian Union Muslim LeagueIUML1948Sayed Hyderali Shihab ThangalKerala
Indigenous People’s Front of TripuraIPFT2009Mevar Kumar JamatiaTripura
Jammu & Kashmir National ConferenceJKNC1932Omar AbdullahJammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers PartyJKNPP1982Bhim SinghJammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic PartyJKPDP1998Mehbooba MuftiJammu and Kashmir
Janta Congress ChhattisgarhJCC2016Ajit JogiChhattisgarhFarmer Ploughing within square (farm)
Janata Dal (Secular)JD(S)1999H. D. Deve GowdaArunachal PradeshKarnatakaKerala
Janata Dal (United)JD(U)1999Nitish KumarArunachal PradeshBihar
Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM1972Shibu SorenJharkhand
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)JVM(P)2006Babu Lal MarandiJharkhand
Kerala Congress (M)KC(M)1979C. F. ThomasKerala
Lok Janshakti PartyLJP2000Ram Vilas PaswanBihar
Maharashtra Navnirman SenaMNS2006Raj ThackerayMaharashtra
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP1963Deepak DhavalikarGoa
Mizo National FrontMNF1959ZoramthangaMizoram
Mizoram People’s ConferenceMPC1972LalhmingthangaMizoram
Naga People’s FrontNPF2002T. R. ZeliangManipurNagalandRooster
Nationalist Democratic Progressive PartyNDPP2018Neiphiu RioNagalandGlobe
Pattali Makkal KatchiPMK1989Anbumani RamadossPuducherry
People’s Democratic AlliancePDA2012Bd. Behring AnalManipurCrown
People’s Democratic FrontPDF2017P. N. SyiemMeghalayaCandles
People’s Party of ArunachalPPA1987Tomo RibaArunachal Pradesh
Rashtriya Janata DalRJD1997Lalu Prasad YadavBiharJharkhand
Rashtriya Lok DalRLD1998Chaudhary Ajit SinghUttar Pradesh
Rashtriya Loktantrik PartyRLP2018Hanuman BeniwalRajasthanBottle
Rashtriya Lok Samta PartyRLSP2013Upendra KushwahaBihar
Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP1940T. J. ChandrachoodanKeralaWest Bengal
Samajwadi PartySP1992Akhilesh YadavUttar Pradesh
Shiromani Akali DalSAD1920Sukhbir Singh BadalPunjab
Shiv SenaSS1966Uddhav ThackerayMaharashtra
Sikkim Democratic FrontSDF1993Pawan Kumar ChamlingSikkim
Sikkim Krantikari MorchaSKM2013Prem Singh TamangSikkimTable lamp
Telangana Rashtra SamithiTRS2001Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar RaoAndhra PradeshTelangana
Telugu Desam PartyTDP1982N. Chandra Babu NaiduAndhra PradeshTelangana
United Democratic PartyUDP1972Donkupar RoyMeghalaya
YSR Congress PartyYSRCP2011Y. S. Jaganmohan ReddyAndhra PradeshTelangana
Zoram Nationalist PartyZNP1997LalduhawmaMizoram
NameAbbreviationFoundation
year
Current leader(s)States/UT
Amma Makkal Munnetra KazhagamAMMK2018T. T. V. DhinakaranTamil Nadu
Amra BangaliAMB1983Prabhat Ranjan SarkarWest Bengal
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha MahasanghBMSM1983Haji Mastan MirzaMaharashtra
Hindustani Awam Morcha[12]HAM2015Jitan Ram ManjhiBihar
People’s Democratic FrontPDF2001Ajoy BiswasTripura
Jai Samaikyandhra PartyJSP2014Nallari Kiran Kumar ReddyAndhra Pradesh
Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik[13]JAP2015Pappu YadavBihar
Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj PartySBSP2002Om Prakash RajbharUttar Pradesh
Jan Shakti Party of India[14]JSPI2015Gurjeet Singh AzadPunjab
Indhiya Jananayaga KatchiIJK2010T.R. PachamuthuTamil Nadu
Jana Sena PartyJSP2014Pawan KalyanAndhra Pradesh
Kerala Congress (Jacob)KC(J)1991Anoop JacobKerala
Kerala Congress (B)KC(B)1989R. Balakrishna PillaiKerala
Kongunadu Makkal Desia KatchiKMDK2013E. R. EswaranTamil Nadu
Kongunadu Makkal KatchiKMK2000A.M. RajaTamil Nadu
Lok Satta PartyLSP2006Jayaprakash NarayanAndhra PradeshTelangana
Manipur Peoples PartyMPP1968Sovakiran N.Manipur
Makkal Needhi MaiamMNM2018Kamal HaasanTamil Nadu
Manithaneya Makkal KatchiMMK2009M. H. JawahirullahTamil Nadu
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra KazhagamMDMK1992VaikoTamil Nadu
Odisha JanmorchaOJM2013Pyarimohan MohapatraOdisha
Param Digvijay DalPDD2014Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar YogiUttar Pradesh
Peace Party of IndiaPPI2008Mohamed AyubUttar Pradesh
Puthiya TamilagamPTK1996K. KrishnasamyTamil Nadu
Rashtriya Samaj PakshaRSP2003Mahadev JankarMaharashtra
Rashtriya Ulama CouncilRUC2008Aamir Rashadi MadniUttar Pradesh
Rayalaseema Parirakshana SamithiRPS2013Byreddy Rajasekhar ReddyAndhra Pradesh
Social Democratic Party of IndiaSDPI2009M. K. FaizyDelhiUttar PradeshRajasthanGujaratBiharMadhya PradeshJharkhandWest BengalAssamManipurTelanganaMaharashtraGoaAndhra PradeshTamil NaduKarnatakaKerala
Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaingar PeravaiKIP2001U. ThaniyarasuTamil Nadu
Tamil Maanila CongressTMC1996G. K. VasanTamil Nadu
Uttarakhand Kranti DalUKD1979Kashi Singh AiryUttarakhand
Vanchit Bahujan AghadiVBA2018Prakash AmbedkarMaharashtra
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal KatchiVCK1972Thol. ThirumavalavanTamil Nadu
Welfare Party of IndiaWPI2011S. Q. R. IlyasKeralaTamil NaduKarnatakaWest BengalGujaratRajasthanMaharashtra
Hindu Sena2011Vishnu GuptaNew Delhi
Gorkha National Liberation FrontGNLF1980Subhash GhisinghWest Bengal
Gorkha Janmukti MorchaGJM2007Roshan GiriWest Bengal
Revolutionary Communist Party of IndiaRCPI1934Saumyendranath TagoreAssam
Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha LeagueABGL1943Bharati TamangWest Bengal
Praja Socialist PartyPSP1952Kerala
Swaraj IndiaSI2016Yogendra YadavNew DelhiKarnatakaHaryana
All India Mahila Empowerment PartyMEP2017Nowhera ShaikTelanganaKarnataka
Naam Tamilar KatchiNTK1958SeemanTamil NaduPuducherryKerala
All India Hindustan Congress PartyAIHCP2015Buddh Prakash SharmaGujaratRajasthankarnatakaMadhya PradeshChhattisgarh
Indian Gandhiyan PartyIGP2012Aashin U SKerala
Jansatta Dal LoktantrikJansatta Party2018Raghuraj Pratap SinghUttar Pradesh
Jannayak Janata PartyJJP2018Dushyant ChautalaHaryana
Uttama Prajakeeya PartyUPP2018Upendra RaoKarnataka

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